S., one of the few major European leaders to do so.
On March 17, 2003 at PM EST, without the support of the United Nations and despite global peace protests, Bush delivered a televised speech from the White House in Washington, DC, issuing an ultimatum to Saddam Hussein: leave Iraq with your sons within 48 hours or the US will wage war on your country.
North American, European, and Middle Eastern countries had put their citizens on high alert, preparing for terrorist reprisals that have seemed inevitable. Tapes evidently made by Saddam Hussein urged Iraqis to resist the foreign presence, and sniper fire continued to kill American and British troops stationed in Iraq during the "rebuilding" stage.
Bahrain offered exile to Saddam Hussein in an effort to avert the war, but Hussein and his soldiers adamantly refused to leave, vowing to shed the blood of "American mothers’ sons." On April 9, 2003, after fierce fighting in the south, Baghdad fell, symbolized graphically on television by the toppling of a giant statue of Saddam Hussein. President Bush made a public appearance to mark the end of the war. While celebrating the ouster of Hussein, many Iraqis were unhappy with the ongoing presence of U. On July 23, 2003, the sons of Saddam Hussein, Uday and Qusay, were killed in a siege of a house in Mosul that lasted more than two hours.
Middle East expert Juan Cole also gives his opinion on the Lancet study here.
14 May UN Security Council revamps the 11-year-old sanctions against Iraq to introduce “smart sanctions” targeted at military equipment July 5 Talks in Vienna between the UN and Iraq break down without agreement 1 August Iraq invites Hans Blix, UN chief weapons inspector, to Baghdad as a possible step towards resumption of arms inspections 12 September President Bush tells world leaders at a UN General Assembly session to confront the “grave and gathering danger” of Iraq – or become “irrelevant” 16 September Iraq accepts 'unconditional’ return of UN inspectors 24 September Britain publishes dossier outlining the threat posed by Iraq.
It includes the “45 minute claim” – that Saddam Hussein had weapons of mass destruction which could be used within 45 minutes of him giving an order 16 October Iraq renews offer to UN weapons inspectors, after 'referendum’ gives Saddam another seven-year term as president with 100 per cent of the vote 8 November The UN Security Council approves Resolution 1441, a US-British resolution requiring Iraq to reinstate weapons inspectors after a four year absence 13 November Iraq’s government accepts the UN resolution 18 November Dr Blix leads weapons inspectors back to Baghdad to relaunch search for weapons of mass destruction, backed by the UN resolution 27 November The weapons inspectors start inspections, visiting two sites, and thank the Iraqis for their co-operation but do not comment on findings 2 December Britain publishes a second dossier, documenting human rights abuses in Iraq 7 December Iraq hands over a 12,000-page weapons declaration as required by resolution 1441.
Washington described the warheads as a “smouldering, not smoking gun” 27 January UN inspectors present evidence to the Security Council about their search for WMD and Iraqi co-operation with resolution 1441.
The report is seized on by the US and UK as proof that Iraq is not disarming, while other states argue that the inspectors need to be given more time 29 January In his State of the Union address, President Bush announces that he is ready to attack Iraq, even without a UN mandate Documents later released to the Chilcot Inquiry show that the attorney general, Lord Goldsmith, cautioned Mr Blair: "My view remains that a further [UN] decision is required".